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Invisible voices. Understanding the sociocultural influences on adult migrants’ second language learning and communicative interaction

Publicerad:2014-09-08
Uppdaterad:2014-11-25

Hur kommer det sig att många immigranter talar så dålig svenska? Hur ser undervisningen och invandrarnas situation ut? Det har Mozhgan Zachrison undersökt i sin avhandling. Och resultatet förvånade henne: Det handlar snarare om att undervisa i svensk kultur än att träna kommunikativ kompetens.

Författare

Mozhgan Zachrison

Handledare

Peter Lundqvist, professor SLU

Opponent

Professor Pirjo Lahdenperä, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation (UKK)

Disputerat vid

Linköpings universitet

Disputationsdag

2014-09-05

Titel (eng)

Invisible voices. Understanding the sociocultural influences on adult migrants’ second language learning and communicative interaction

Invisible voices. Understanding the sociocultural influences on adult migrants’ second language learning and communicative interaction

This dissertation is a qualitative study exploring the sociocultural influences on adult migrants’ second language learning and the communicative interaction through which they use the language. Guided by a theoretical perspective based on the concepts of life-world, habitus, social capital, symbolic honor, game, and the idea of the interrelatedness of learning and using a second language, this study aims to understand how migrants’ everyday life context, attachments to the home country, and ethnic affiliations affect the motivation for and attitude towards learning and using Swedish as a second language. Furthermore, the study explores in what way the context within which the language is taught and learned might affect the language development of adult migrants.

The research questions of the study focus on both the institutional context, that is to say, what happened in a particular classroom where the study observations took place, and a migrant perspective based on the participants’ experiences of living in Sweden, learning the language and using it. Semi-structured interviews, informal conversational interviews, and classroom observations have been used as strategies to obtain qualitative data.

The findings suggest that most of the participants experience feelings of non-belonging and otherness both in the classroom context and outside the classroom when they use the language. These feelings of non-belonging make the ties to other ethnic establishments stronger and lead to isolation from the majority society. The feelings of otherness, per se, are not only related to a pedagogical context that advocates monoculturalism but are also rooted in the migrants’ life-world, embedded in dreams of going back to the home country, while forging a constant relation to ethnic networks, and in the practice of not using the Swedish language as frequently in the everyday life context as would be needed for their language development.

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