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Kultur och utbildning – en tolkning av två grundskolors mångkulturella kontexter

Publicerad:2015-02-12
Uppdaterad:2015-04-17

Mångkulturella skolor med en hög andel elever med utländsk bakgrund har de senaste åren blivit allt mer ifrågasatta för sina resultat i kunskapsmätningar. Skillnaderna i skolprestationer mellan elever med olika sociala bakgrunder och mellan olika skolor växer. Henrik Nilsson har studerat hur två mångkulturella låg- och mellanstadieskolor, en kommunal och en fristående muslimskt profilerad skola, hanterar denna situation.

Författare

Henrik Nilsson

Handledare

Stefan Lund, docent Linnéuniversitetet

Opponent

Elisabet Öhrn, Göteborgs universitet

Disputerat vid

Linnéuniversitetet

Disputationsdag

2015-02-13

Titel (se)

Kultur och utbildning – en tolkning av två grundskolors mångkulturella kontexter

Titel (eng)

Culture and education – an interpretation of two compulsory schools’ multicultural contexts

Institution

Institutionen för pedagogik

Culture and education – an interpretation of two compulsory schools’ multicultural contexts

This dissertation deals with the sort of culture that forms the organization of education and its contents of two multicultural nine-year compulsory schools. The analysis is based on ethnographic work on the municipal school Tallskolan and the free independent Muslim school Jibrilskolan. To illustrate the sorts of social integration offered by Tallskolan and Jibrilskolan and explain whence they came, I have used Alexander’s (2006) conception of incorporation and civilsphere. In relation to the concepts, landscapes of meaning and systems of meaning (Reed, 2011) I ask what they can tell us about the expectations which members of society direct towards themselves, and in particular pupils with an immigrant background and the multicultural schools which they expect to help them into society.The result shows that the prioritizing of Tallskolan’s school heads and the municipality changes at the same rate as that of the social geography of the residential district. School politics have tried in different ways to desegregatethe pupils through closing down the intermediate school stage and offeringschool attendance at other schools, but have failed due to parental protest.Overall changes that have been realised during the latter period is a drive to give further educational training to teachers of Swedish as a second language. When looked at through the theoretic concepts of the dissertation these priorities mirror an adaptation to society’s main cultural practice. The result for Jibrilskolan shows that the school prioritizes the development of the pupils’ Muslim identity and their self-confidence. The school consists of teachers with both Swedish and Muslim backgrounds. The actual teaching activates different opinions as to the degree that religion influences the teaching. Divergent opinions are overruled, however, as teachers with a Swedish background see that Islam can also be used as a resource. The Muslim teachers help the teachers with a Swedish background to explain and convince the Muslim parents to let their children participate in activities which they otherwise would probably not have done. Based on the theoretic concepts of the dissertation the prioritizing mirrors a great variety of different perspectives on knowledge, values and norms.

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