Dela:

Learning text talk online : Collaborative learning in asynchronous text based discussion forums

Fakta
Disputation

2010-06-11

Författare

Monica Liljeström

Opponent

Docent Lars Svensson, Högskolan i Väst

Institution

Pedagogiska institutionen

Lärosäte

UmU – Umeå universitet

Länkar
Läs hela avhandlingen
Läs Skolportens intervju med Monica Liljeström

Abstract in English:

The desire to translate constructivist and sociocultural approaches to learning in specific learning activities is evident in most forms of training at current, not least in online education. Teachers worldwide are struggling with questions of how to create conditions in this fairly new realm of education for learners to contribute to the development of a good quality in their own and others’ learning. Collaboration in forms of text talk in asynchronous, text based forums (ADF) is often used so students can participate at the location and time that suits them best given the other aspects of their life situation. But previous research show how collaboration in forms of text talk do not always evolve in expected quality, and how participation sometimes can be so low that no discussions at all take place. Perhaps it is time to move on and make use of the variety of user-friendly audio-visible technologies that offers conditions for collaboration similar to those in the physical environment? Is there any point to use ADF for collaboration, beyond the flexible opportunity for participation it allows? If so, why, how and under what conditions are it worthwhile to use ADF for tasks meant to be worked collaboratively on? These questions were the starting point of the studies in this thesis that was researched through two case studies involving different techniques and data samples of various natures, with the aim to understand more about collaborative text talk. The research approach differs from the vast majority of studies in the research field of Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) where many studies currently are conducted by analysis of quantifiable data. The first case study was conducted in the context of non-formal learning in Swedish Liberal Adult Education online, and the second in the context of higher education online in Sweden. The studies in the thesis were made on basis of socio-cultural theory and empirical studies. Empirical data was collected from questionnaires, interviews and texts created by students participating in tasks that they jointly resolved through text talk. Some results were brought back to the students for further explanation of the results. Findings from data analysis were triangulated with other results and with sociocultural theory. The results indicate that students can create knowledge relevant to their studies through text talk, but can feel restrained or dismiss the activity as irrelevant if important conditions are lacking. Collaboration through text talk makes individual resources accessible in a specific place where it can be observed and its validity for the purpose of the task evaluated by others. Students with good insight in what they are supposed to accomplish seem be able to consult relevant guidance for this evaluation, from teachers, textbooks, scientific articles and other valid experiences important to their studies, and thereby contribute to learning of the quality they studies are meant to produce. Text talk also increases teachers possibilities to identify what the guidance the study group needs when evaluating the gathered resources and through their own active participation provide support in the students zone of proximal development . Contributions offered to the CSCL research field is the identifications of important mechanisms related to learning collaboratively through text talk, and the use of case study methodology as inspiration for others to try also these kinds of strategies to capture online learning.

Sidan publicerades 2010-06-10 00:00 av
Sidan uppdaterades 2012-03-28 10:28 av


Forskningsbevakningen presenteras i samarbete med Ifous

Läs mer
Skolportens konferenser
SKOLPORTENS MAGASIN
TEMA: Barn på flykt
  Skolportens magasin nr 4/2022.

TEMA: Barn på flykt

INTERVJU: Anna Karlefjärd, forskare, intervjuas "Stärk lärarna med friare kurs- och läroplaner så får vi rättvisare betyg!" TEMA: Barn på flykt. Hur tar skolan bäst emot barn som är på flykt från krig eller naturkatastrofer? Forskarna menar att det gäller att ta tillvara på tidigare erfarenheter.

Läs mer och prenumerera här!
Skolportens digitala kurser
5 mest lästa på FoU
”Var inte så rädd för att det ska bli fel”

Förskolan Hammarkullegatan 3 i Göteborg har stor erfarenhet av att ta emot nyanlända barn och barn som inte har svenska som förstaspråk. Var nyfiken! Det är ett av rektor Ulrica Boijes råd.

Att lära genom att skriva

I den här rapporten sammanfattar och kommenterar vi en systematisk forskningsöversikt där skrivandets och texternas innehåll och funktion sätts i fokus. De framträdande forskningsresultaten, att skrivande förbättrar elevers ämneskunskaper jämfört med undervisning som har mindre fokus på skrivande, är därför särskilt relevanta för lärare. (pdf)

Students with disabilities fare better when integrated into gen-ed classrooms

“We cannot, as a society, afford to continue to support policies and practices that result in academic failure, limited post-secondary options and continued separation and marginalization based on disabilities.”

Känslorna är starka när elever svarar om Förintelsen

Andra världskriget och Förintelsen väcker stort intresse inom såväl historieämnet som inom kulturen. Svenskar kan mycket om det, ändå är frågan i skolans nationella prov om orsaker till Förintelsen en som många elever misslyckas med, visar en ny studie. Resultatet ställer frågan ”Vad kan vi lära av historien?” på sin spets.

Myten om pojkars antipluggkultur

Fredrik Zimmerman forskar om varför betygsgapet ökar mellan flickor och pojkar. Varför görs så få insatser för att hjälpa pojkar? En förklaring finns i myten om pojkars antipluggkultur, menar han. (webb-radio)

Att läsa en avhandling

Att läsa en avhandling

Att läsa en avhandling handlar till stor del om att vaska fram det som är intressant – inte om att plöja sig igenom hela texten från början till slut. Här hittar du några tips på hur du gör det.

Läs mer