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Med(ie)vetenhet, motstånd och engagemang: Gymnasieungdomars tal om och erfarenheter av religion


Anna Wrammert har undersökt hur gymnasieelever med olika etnisk och religiös bakgrund reflekterar kring möten med religion i medier, skola och andra sociala sammanhang och vad det har för konsekvenser för undervisning i ämnet religionskunskap.


Anna Wrammert


Docent Anders Sjöborg, Uppsala universitet Teologie doktor Malin Löfstedt, Uppsala universitet


Professor Marie von der Lippe, Universitetet i Bergen

Disputerat vid

Uppsala universitet



Titel (se)

Med(ie)vetenhet, motstånd och engagemang: Gymnasieungdomars tal om och erfarenheter av religion


Teologiska institutionen

Abstract in English

Media and school constitute the two contexts where young people in contemporary, secularized Sweden most frequently encounter religion. The aim of this study is to explore how upper secondary students talk about their experiences of encounters with religion in various media and other social settings. In addition, the aim is to discuss what implications the results of the study have for the school subject Religious Education (RE). The study was conducted at three different schools and in three different municipalities in Sweden, using a qualitative abductive approach. Data was gained through text writing, focus groups and individual interviews. Students from various ethnic, religious and cultural backgrounds participated in the study, as well as from both vocational and preparatory programs. The material was analyzed through constructive thematic coding analysis (CTA) and by using theoretical perspectives concerning the interplay between agency and religious literacy. The results show how students described encounters with different aspects of religion in both the media, school settings and together with family and friends as common. Students expressed both engagement and ambivalence towards talking about religion with each other and others. The most noticeable result was an awareness of, and a strong critique towards, stereotyped and simplified depictions of religion in particularly established news media, films and TV series. Encounters with religion on social media platforms included both negative (e.g., fake news and hate) and positive (e.g., a higher degree of representation and inside knowledge) experiences. Theoretically, the findings suggest that agency as resistance, empowerment, awareness and engagement was visible in the students’ talk. This applies to an understanding of functional, cultural and critical religious literacy as agency. The results also indicate that social relations, such as media, friends and family and different cultural values, such as tolerance, autonomy and a critical stance towards religion, constitute possibilities as well as limitations concerning the students’ agency and talk about religion. The author argues that the study provides new empirical knowledge about young people and religion in contemporary pluralistic Sweden as well as developed theoretical understandings of the concept religious literacy.

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